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“Algorithmic governance is extremely effective”

“In its more decision-making component, artificial intelligence should allow the dissemination and greater efficiency of diagnostic, therapeutic and preventive practices. »Margaux Maurel / Le Monde

Grandstand. If it was already only the only vital use of the Internet and all the communication applications it supports, it will have escaped nobody how much digital technologies have become essential to us in facing this crisis. sanitary. We will remember that the Internet was born, during the Cold War, in order to make possible but above all reliable a threatened communication.

Beyond this single network, it is obvious that we depend and will depend more and more on this ubiquitous technology (any object can act as a computer), communicative (exchange and synchronize its reflections and actions with n any other object), and super smart.

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Thus, the current and future contributions of artificial intelligence will be numerous. Its big data and machine learning component should make it possible to more finely diagnose lung x-rays, if we agree to share the multitude of new medical images that the crisis is bringing about (clearly many barriers will have to be removed once and for all) .

To better predict the risk

Faced with a very unequal disease in terms of impact on people, it should make it possible to better understand, again by mixing the unfortunately huge mass of available data, what are the most discriminating attributes (age, sex, diseases, habitat) which allow to better predict and the risk of contagion and the nature of the evolution of this disease in those who have it.

In its more decision-making and more “expert system” component, artificial intelligence should allow the dissemination and greater efficiency of diagnostic, therapeutic and preventive practices. For example, find the doctor most able to receive you, as well as tomorrow the test center and your passage schedule. It also allows the more diffuse and effective implementation of the many social regulation measures that our governments are putting in place.

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Your smartphone can alert you to your health and help you take care of it. It can alert you to anyone approaching within 1 meter, possibly the risk of its contagiousness. It can also inform the police forces of your position and distance from the home, your possible regroupings, at the moment, in the past and even in the future (by profiling yourself).

The role of algorithms

Beyond the already well-known mechanisms of social regulation by standards, by laws or by the price of things (I do not take the plane because I am “Greta”, because it is forbidden to me, or because it has become overpriced), there is one more and more present and often insidiously: algorithms.

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