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New world. Connected objects, 5G, quantum computing… What 2020 has in store for us

The 5G must make its appatrition in France during the year 2020. Photo of illustration. (STEFAN WERMUTH / AFP)

In an increasingly connected world, each start of the year is marked by the prospect of technological innovations likely to upset our lifestyles. The year that begins is no exception to the rule with innovations expected in several sectors.

We will still be talking a lot about connected homes in 2020. We should expect to see even more “intelligent” equipment arriving (lights, heaters, household appliances or even connected locks). In the role of conductors of this digital ballet: the voice assistants who continue their progression in the homes.

Important news came at the end of 2019: the three assistants market leaders, Google, Amazon, and Apple, announced that they will work together on a standard aimed at making all connected objects in the home compatible. At the end of the year, in principle, we will be able to buy light bulbs or connected electrical sockets, compatible with both Alexa Alexa assistants, Google Assistant and Apple Siri.

2020 should mark the official launch in France of 5G, this very high speed mobile communication technology, especially intended for businesses. Frequency allocation has started. In France, the commercial launch is planned in a few large cities in the spring.

The symbolic start of 5G could be marked by the launch of the first iPhone 5G. The arrival of new foldable smartphones with flexible screens, with new designs, should also be in the news in the coming months.

In 2020, we risk starting to talk seriously about a real technological revolution: quantum computing, a new kind of computing based on properties of matter still little known. In 2019, Google claimed to have achieved quantum supremacy. IBM disputes this title. Anyway, let's go. Finally, almost, because quantum computers will not see the light of day for many years. However, the French government will soon unveil a “quantum plan”.

The challenges of digital technology will still be numerous in 2020. How to reconcile innovation and respect for private life, moderation of social networks, unlimited appetite for Gafa and also respect for the environment. Digital represents 4% of greenhouse gas emissions. The challenge will be to get out of the gadget era and enter the era of responsible and truly useful innovations. But that's easier said than done because sometimes gadgets help invent useful things, like smartwatches that will become essential for health.

The technology year will begin for good next Tuesday, Tuesday January 7, in Las Vegas with the opening of the Consumer Electronic Show (CES), the traditional mass of technological innovations. On the program: totally borderless TV screens, new connected objects for health or even autonomous and even … flying electric cars.

CES will live in Franceinfo’s daily news broadcasts from Las Vegas starting Monday, January 6.

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